Beets or Cotton? Blind Extraction of Fine Agricultural Classes Using a Convolutional Autoencoder Applied to Temporal SAR Signatures

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Abstract

We present a fully unsupervised learning pipeline, which involves both a projection method and a clustering algorithm dedicated to the pixel-wise classification of multitemporal SAR images. We design a Convolutional Autoencoder as the method to project our time series onto a lower dimensional latent space, where semantically similar temporal signals are placed close together. The additional use of convolutional layers as feature extraction steps allows us to exploit the sequential nature of time series, exhibiting higher representation performance than fully connected layers. The extracted clusters can encapture different semantic levels to either separate classes or extract outlying temporal signals. The application of this method to crop-types mapping enables the extraction of major crop-types within a scene, without supervision. In a labeled context, this method also allows for the extraction of outlying profiles which can lead to the discovery of mislabeled time series.

Publication
Beets or Cotton? Blind Extraction of Fine Agricultural Classes Using a Convolutional Autoencoder Applied to Temporal SAR Signatures

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